The Royal society for the conservation of Nature (RSCN) is a non-governmental organization of international standing devoted to the conservation of Jordan’s natural environment. Created in 1966 under the patronage if the Jordanian Government for protecting the country’s wildlife and wild places has given His Royal Majesty King Hussein, RSCN responsibility.
Jordan RSCN’s mission is to protect wildlife and wildlife habitat in Jordan, and to promote an understanding of the natural environment. It does this by:
Establishing and managing nature reserves to protect key habitats and species. It is currently responsible for five major reserves covering over 1000 square kilometers and has plans to establish a further eight.
Using the results of scientific surveys and research to determine its conservation policies and techniques.
Breeding and reintroducing endangered species to save them from extinction. So far, the Society has been able to breed the Arabian Oryx, Gazelle, Ibex and other species.
Enforcing Government laws for the protection of wildlife and controlling illegal hunting throughout all regions of the Kingdom.
Raising awareness of the importance of protecting wildlife through education programs. The Society has set up over 500 Nature Conservation clubs in schools to foster nature awareness among young people.
Seeking a balance between the needs of wildlife and the needs of people through the development of large-scale conservation programs designed to integrate environmental protection with the socio-economic development of local people.
Dana Nature Reserve is a system of wadis and mountains which extend from the top of the Rift Valley down to the desert lowlands of Wadi Araba. Dana is truly a world of natural treasures. Visitors to Dana can experience the beauty of Rummana mountain, the mystery of the ancient archaeological ruins of Feinan, the timeless tranquillity of Dana Village, and the grandeur of the red and white sandstone cliffs of Wadi Dana. Dana is a large reserve (308 square km.), established as a protected area in 1989. It contains a remarkable diversity of landscapes, ranging from wooded highlands and rocky slopes to gravel plains and sand dunes. It supports a wide variety of wildlife, including many rare species of plants and animals.
It is the variety of landscape and geology, combined with local extremes of climate, which make Dana such a special place. From the scorching heat of desert plains in the west to the cool, moist mountain tops in the east, the reserve is home to many specialized plants and animals which reflect all the different living conditions. There are plants and animals characteristic of true deserts, of Mediterranean scrub land and of the dry plains of Russia. Indeed,
Dana is a really melting pot of species from three continents: from Europe, Asia and Arabia. Such a combination of natural communities in a single area is unique in Jordan. And many of the animals and plants that live there are now very rare and some threatened with extinction: animals like the Sand cat, the Syrian Wolf, the Lesser Kestrel and the Spiny Tailed Lizard. So far, 25 endangered or vulnerable animals have been found in the reserve, making it truly a place of world importance.
Apart from its wildlife, the reserve is also rich in archaeology and culture. No less that 98 important archaeological sites have been identified, of which the copper mine Wadi Faynan are particularly special. The local people too have a rich cultural history and have been shaping the landscape of the reserve for hundreds of generations.
Located at the Dead Sea area (400m) b.s.l and extents to Kerak and Madaba mountains (900m) a.s.l . According to the variations in the elevation which is a bout 1300 m ,and permanent water flow all the year of seven wadis this creates a magnificent biodiversity which represent typical habitat for the endemic species of plants and animals.
The sand stone cliffs represents the most typical habitat for one of the most beautiful mountain goats is the Ibex, which their numbers declined in the nature because of illegal hunting. In order to save this animal from extinction the RSCN established a captive-breeding programme for Ibex in the reserve.
Many carnivores inhabit the various vegetation zones in Mujib. The Caracal, a medium sized cat with black and white ear-tufts, lives in rocky wadis. It is a powerful and agile hunter with great jumping power, known to catch flying birds in its paws. The Wild
At the moment, we have a simple campsite. The camp’s carrying capacity is 25 visitors per night. Water and a toilet are available. We can organize Hiking tours to Mujib reserve then continue Dana for overnight. Mujib is a very rough area and the walk is called adventure walk because it contains swimming and hiking for the hall day.
Azraq is a unique wetland oasis located in the heart of the arid Jordanian desert. It contains several pools, a seasonally flooded marshland, and a large mudflat known as Qa’at Azraq. A variety of birds flock to the reserve each year, stopping for a short rest along their migration routes, staying for the winter, or breeding within the protected areas of the wetland.
Visitor services inside the reserve are currently being developed. A visitors’ centre and a short walking trail in the wetland.
Shaumari Reserve was created in 1975 as a breeding centre for endangered or locally extinct wildlife. It is home to some of the most rare species of animals in the Middle East. In this small 22 square km. reserve, you can find Arabian Oryx, Ostriches, Gazelles and Onagers. These animals are rebuilding their populations and reasserting their presence in this safe haven, protected from the hunting and habitat destruction that nearly wiped them out.
Visitors to Shaumari have an opportunity to see the living results of this global co-operation. The Oryx can often be seen roaming freely in the desert grassland, and the Ostriches, Gazelles, and Onagers can be observed in their enclosures. Shaumari’s breeding enclosures provide a small “zoo” for visitors, making the reserve a popular spot for children and school outings.